The Napoleon spider
Synaema globosum (this spelling is now incorrect.)
Binomial name Synema globosum (Fabricius, 1775)
Synema globosum is a species of Spider belonging to the family of the Thomisidae. It is called Thomise globose, globular Thomise, spider-crab or spider Napoleon.
This species occurs in the Palearctic. It is common throughout the Mediterranean region.
Found on flowers, watching his prey.
(often on flowers of Cistus, fennel, umbelliferae, Marigold, chrysanthemum, Daisy, rose depending on the season)
Flower-filled meadows, roadsides, forest edges.
This is one of the rare predatory ants spiders.
Male, more rare than the female, is usually held in land between herbs and leaves of plants. He climbs onto the rods that at the time of the coupling, i.e., in June.
7-8 mm for females; 2-4 mm for males.
She had the body smooth and shiny.
Cephalothorax and legs Brown dark to black.
These spiders have four colors to their abdomen: white, yellow, black and red.
Flower insects are captured by its long forelimbs.
The party colored of her abdomen may have variations in shades pulling on the orange, yellow, white.
The distinctive black pattern on the abdomen reminds the silhouette of a bust of Napoleon 1st and explains its vernacular name of «Spider» Napoleon
The two pairs of front legs, used to kill insects that come to forage the flowers are much more developed than the two pairs of hind legs which have rather a function of locomotion.
The legs are all ringed, the legs I and II are darker than the III and IV
See the palps and epigynous
The thomise landscape is a retreat by assembling rods. After having been fertilized, the female lays eggs which protects manufacturer a cocoon hidden in vegetation. After birth, the young spiders disperse.
Picture 1 Aesculapius Source http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/aa/Synema_globosum_0020.JPG
Photo 2 Hectonichus Source http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/b/b3/Thomisidae_-_Synema_globosum.JPG?uselang=fr
Picture 3 Pierre Oger Source http://www.galerie-insecte.org/galerie/view.php?adr=image/ dos46/temp/dsc_4972crop.jpg
Mating in June
especially visible from May to August
Aranea globosa Fabricius, 1775
Aranea plantigera Rossi, 1790
Aranea irregularis Panzer, 1801
Aranea rotundata Walckenaer, 1802
Diaea nitida L. Koch, 1878
Synema japonica Karsch, 1879
Diaea kochi Thorell, 188
Synema globosum canariense
Diaea nitidula Mello-Leitão, 1929
Synema globosum daghestanicum
Fabricius, 1775: Systema entomologiæ, sistens insectorum classes, ordines, genera, species, adiectis, synonymis, locis desc
Published May 5, 2013 Naturamediterraneo
Synema globosum che rinuncia a predare una Tropinota hirta.
(Synema globosum waives prey Epicometis hirta (synonym: Tropinota hirta), also known as Hirta cetonia)